How to Replace a Flat Tire

When you don’t have tire repair service available and you need to change a tire for yourself, first, you need to have these five important things with you: spare tire, jack, lug nut wrench or wheel nut wrench, and owner’s manual. In case you have misplaced you owner’s manual, you can always check it online. Most automakers put their manuals online and some are free to download while some, you may have to register or provide your vehicle identification number (VIN). You can find the vehicle identification of your car right in front of your windshield.

Here are the steps to change a flat tire:


  1. Park car in an even ground.
    • When you’re driving and realized your tire is flat, pull over unto an even, leveled ground, away from a moving traffic. Park your car and apply parking brake and turn on your hazards lights.
  2. Consult owner’s manual.
    • The manual will tell you where the spare tire is and where you should position the jack.
  3. Get all the tools.
    • Your spare tire is store together with your lug nut wrench and other tools in your car trunk.
  4. Remove the hubcap and lug nuts.
    • Some recent cars have no hubcaps but if your car has hubcaps, first remove it then remove the wheel lug nuts. If you can’t loosen the wheel nuts because it’s too tight, try standing on the well nut wrench to gain extra force to turn it. Make sure each of the nuts are just lightly unscrewed because if you try to loosen the nuts when your tire is jack up, the tire will just spin in place and you’ll put too much pressure on the wheel and rock the car off the jack.
  5. Position the jack.
    • Check your owner’s manual to make sure where the jacking point of the car is. Make sure that it is in line with the jacking point. The car should be in steady and leveled ground before you jack up.
  6. Jack up the car.
    • Lift the car far enough so that there’s enough room to take off the flat tire.
  7. Remove the wheel nuts
    • Completely remove the loosen wheel nuts and put them in a safe place so you don’t lose them.
  8. Remove the flat tire.
    • Once the wheel nuts are completely removed, take off the flat tire.
  9. Put on the spare tire.
    • Put the spare tire with the air valve facing out and screw the nut back on, just enough to get them on, not really tight.
  10. Lower the car.
    • To lower the car, reverse the crate of the jack; lower it as just how you have lifted it. Once the car is lower, you can finish tightening the nuts.
  11. Drive to a shop to get the spare tire replaced by a real tire.
    • Don’t drive more than 50mph with a flat tire and check your owner’s manual how many miles you can drive on it because it varies from different types of cars. Visit Website¬†

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